Syria tightens grip on Internet


Reporters Without Borders is publishing an analysis of the Syrian Internet network that was carried out on 22 May 2013. It shows that the Syrian authorities have installed more than 30 Blue Coat servers on their network. These servers are dedicated to intercepting communications and data circulating on the Internet.

Blue Coat is a US company specializing in interception software and hardware. Their products are based on technology that analyses the content of network packets. Called Deep Packet Inspection, the technology is used by many Internet Service providers to regulate network traffic. But it can also be used to analyse the browsing activities of individual Internet users, including their Twitter, YouTube and Facebook activities, and the content of their emails.

Carried out by the Telecomix hactivist group, this network analysis has revealed the existence of 34 new Blue Coat servers in Syria. Each server is identified by:

  • an IP address: Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.189
  • the ports on which the servers are connected, in this case port 80, assigned to web traffic (http)
  • the server name, in this case Blue Coat proxy server or Blue Coat PacketShaper 3500 firewall

In 2012, Telecomix already revealed the presence 15 Blue Coat servers on the Syrian Internet network.

Its latest report shows not only that Syria continues to acquire monitoring and interception equipment – the Syrian Internet shutdown on 7 May was probably used to install the new surveillance infrastructure – but also that Western companies continue to provide authoritarian regimes with dual-use technology.

On 12 March 2013, World Day Against Cyber-Censorship, Reporters Without Borders classified Blue Coat as one of the private-sector companies that are “Enemies of the Internet.”

Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.52
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.54
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.60
Host is up (0.15s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.62
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.161
Host is up (0.15s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.162
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.163
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.164
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.165
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.166
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.167
Host is up (0.15s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.168
Host is up (0.15s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.169
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.170
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.172
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.173
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.174
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.175
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.184
Host is up (0.15s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.185
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.186
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.187
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.188
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.189
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 188.160.1.190
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for inet-ip-243.inet.sy (91.144.8.243)
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE	VERSION
80/tcp open  http-proxy thttpd (Blue Coat PacketShaper 3500 firewall)
--
Nmap scan report for 82.137.217.16
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 82.137.217.17
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 82.137.217.18
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 82.137.217.19
Host is up (0.15s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 82.137.217.20
Host is up (0.15s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 82.137.217.21
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 82.137.217.22
Host is up (0.16s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server
--
Nmap scan report for 82.137.217.23
Host is up (0.17s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http	Blue Coat proxy server

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